How to Grow Monstera

Monstera deliciosa, commonly known as the split-leaf philodendron or Swiss cheese plant, is an impressive tropical plant that's easy to grow and care for. As a climbing evergreen, it adds a "wow" factor to indoor and outdoor spaces with its unique, hole-filled foliage.

How to Grow Monstera
Growing Monstera

To ensure your Monstera thrives, pay attention to its lighting needs and opt for north- or south-facing windows that provide plenty of indirect sunlight.

Consider using a grow lamp to maintain light exposure during darker winter months or in less ideal locations.

With proper care, monstera plants can grow up to 10 feet tall indoors, making them a striking addition to any home or garden.

About Monstera

Monstera, also known as split-leaf philodendron or Swiss cheese plant, is a tropical plant native to Central and South America.

These plants have become popular in recent years for their distinctive look, featuring large, glossy leaves with natural holes and slits.

There are numerous species and types of Monsteras, each with unique features and growing habits.

Some well-known types include Monstera deliciosa, Monstera adansonii, Monstera obliqua, and Monstera dubia.

While each may vary slightly in appearance, all Monsteras enjoy similar care and growing conditions.

Planting Monstera

Choose a well-drained pot or container with a drainage hole to plant a Monstera.

Fill it with a well-draining potting mix, which can be created by adding organic materials like charcoal, bark, or perlite to the soil.

This will encourage a healthy root system and provide good aeration for your Monstera.

Find a space with ample indirect sunlight near a north- or south-facing window.

Pick a spot in USDA hardiness zones 10-11 if grown outdoors, ensuring it's not exposed to direct sunlight. If you opt for container planting indoors, provide sufficient room for the Monstera to climb and thrive.

Remember to water it regularly and provide a support structure for its vines to grow.

Caring For Monstera Plant
Caring For Monstera Plant

Caring For Monstera Plant

Sun and Temperature

Monstera prefers bright, indirect sunlight, which mimics its native tropical environment. Maintain temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal growth.

Water and Humidity

Water your Monstera when the top inch of soil feels dry, avoiding overwatering.

Boost humidity levels by placing a humidifier nearby or setting the plant on a tray of water-filled pebbles.

Soil and Fertilizer

Use a well-drained, peat-based soil with a neutral or acidic pH. Fertilize your plant once a month using a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer to provide essential nutrients.


Repot your Monstera every two years or when it outgrows its current container. Choose a larger pot and use well-draining soil to prevent potential root rot.

Pruning and Propagation

Prune your Monstera by trimming back leggy or damaged growth. Propagate your plant using stem cuttings or air layering, ensuring healthy growth and multiple plants.

Troubleshooting Plant Problems

Monitor your Monstera for common issues like yellow leaves, which may indicate overwatering or excess sunlight.

Address pests, such as spider mites, using insecticidal soap or other non-toxic treatments.


Caring for a Monstera plant involves providing proper support, such as a moss pole or trellis, and maintaining appropriate light and watering conditions.

With these factors in mind, your Monstera can achieve steady growth, typically around 1-2 feet per year.

Regular pruning, repotting when necessary, and monitoring for pests will ensure your Monstera stays healthy and thrives.

By following these guidelines, you can enjoy your Monstera plant's attractive and unique foliage for years.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best way to care for a Monstera indoors?

To care for your Monstera indoors, ensure it gets indirect sunlight and maintain a temperature above 60 degrees Fahrenheit in your home. Water the plant regularly, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings.

How can I propagate Monstera plants from cuttings?

To propagate Monstera plants, place a healthy cutting with at least one node in a water or moist soil container. Keep the container in a warm location with indirect sunlight, and roots should develop within a few weeks.

What type of fertilizer is recommended for Monstera?

Using a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer, such as a 20-20-20 formula, is best for Monstera plants. Apply the fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season, following the package instructions for dilution rates.

How should I prune my Monstera to encourage growth?

To encourage growth in your Monstera, trim back any yellowing or damaged leaves at the base of the stem. If your plant becomes too large or unruly, you can cut back some larger stems to promote new growth.

What are the light requirements for a Monstera plant?

Monstera plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. Too much direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, while insufficient light may cause slow or stunted growth. Placing your Monstera near a window with filtered light is ideal.

How do you train a Monstera to climb a moss pole?

To train your Monstera to climb a moss pole, secure the plant's main stem to the pole using soft plant ties. As the plant grows, continue to attach the new branches to the pole, directing their growth upward. Be patient, as Monstera plants grow slowly, especially young ones.